Swollen feet, also known as edema, can occur for various reasons, including both normal and medical conditions.

While it can be a normal response to pregnancy or extended periods of standing or sitting, persistent swelling may indicate an underlying medical issue. Here are five conditions that can contribute to swollen feet:

Heart Failure: Heart failure arises when the heart cannot adequately pump blood to meet the body’s needs. In such cases, fluid can accumulate in the feet and ankles, leading to swelling. Additional symptoms include breathlessness, fatigue, and coughing.

Kidney Disease: Kidney disease disrupts the body’s fluid balance, resulting in the accumulation of fluid, including in the feet and ankles. Kidneys are responsible for filtering excess fluid, and signs of kidney disease may involve fatigue, nausea, and changes in urination.

Liver Disease: Liver disease can lead to fluid retention throughout the body, causing swelling in the feet and ankles. Since the liver plays a crucial role in regulating fluid levels, liver disease symptoms may include jaundice, abdominal pain, and fatigue.

Lymphedema: Lymphedema occurs when the lymphatic system fails to drain fluid properly, resulting in swelling in various body parts, including the feet. Other indications of lymphedema include a sensation of heaviness or tightness in the affected limb.

Venous Insufficiency: Venous insufficiency happens when the veins in the legs struggle to return blood effectively to the heart. This can lead to swelling in the feet and ankles, accompanied by symptoms such as leg pain, heaviness, and fatigue.

In summary, while swollen feet can be a normal occurrence, they can also indicate an underlying medical condition. If swelling persists or is accompanied by other symptoms, it is essential to seek medical attention. Accurate diagnosis and treatment of the underlying condition can alleviate swelling and associated symptoms.

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